Species We Grow

Douglas Fir:

Dark green to blue/green needles of 1 to 1.5 inches in length, soft to the touch and radiate in all directions from the branch.  They have a sweet fragrance and excellent needle retention. Will not tolerate wet soil.

Concolor Fir:

Often also called “White Fir,” this is a true fir with seed origin in the Southern Rocky Mountains – same areas as Douglas Fir.  They are strong branched (if properly shaped and pruned) and are the most aromatic (citrus) of all Christmas tree species.  The needles are generally about 1.5 inches in length and the color varies from green to blue/green to silver.  There are many seed sources planted – each having it’s own characteristic color and growth habit.  But, it has been our experience that all sources produce a quality tree – if grown on well-drained sites.  This tree is a premium tree that decorates well with heavier ornaments.  Needle retention is generally very good.

Canaan Fir:

This is a sub-species of Fraser Fir.  It is a true fir with it’s origin about 30 miles West of our farm – Canaan Valley.  They have an appearance similar to Fraser Fir.  Generally, they will be more open than a Fraser Fir, thus a very decorative Christmas tree.  Needle retention is good.  They have a citrus aroma with needles of about 1 inch in length around the top half of the stem.  They are very adaptable to a variety of sites.

Colorado Blue Spruce:

Most Blue Spruce have a blue to silver color.  Needles range in length from 1 to 1 1/2 inch in length with a somewhat to very sharp point.  Branches are stout.  This tree has a unique resinous aroma.  With the sharp needles, it is good for areas where disturbances to the tree may occur by children of animals.  Needle retention is good if not harvested very early.  Gloves are recommended when handling this tree.  It is suitable for planting on most all but the very wettest sites.

Fraser Fir:

This species is widely planted in many areas of the Eastern US.  It is very sensitive to planting site.  It requires well-drained, fertile, moist soils – no wet or tight soils.  Needles are dark green on top and two silver bands on the bottom.  Length is from 3/4 inch to 1 1/4 inch.

Scotch Pine:

Scotch Pine is an introduced pine that is adaptable to many growing sites, thus widely planted for Christmas trees.  Needles are produced in bundles of two with lengths ranging from 1 to nearly 3 inches; with a generally green to blue/green color.  Needle retention is good – generally drying out before the needles fall from the tree.  It is important that old needles be shaken out if the center of the tree at harvest time with a mechanical shaker.  Scotch Pine should only be planted for Christmas trees – for all other uses, it is short lived and has many disease and insect problems.

Norway Spruce:

Norway Spruce is the most adaptable species; being able to grow in most all soil sites.  The tree has very few diseases and insect problems.  Needles are dark green and about 3/4 of an inch in length.  It makes an attractive screen, border or windbreak.  Also, it is the best for wildlife planting borders, since it is somewhat shade tolerant  and retains its lower limbs as it grows older.